What is Exosome Therapy?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that in 2016, 20.4% of adults in the US reported having chronic pain. It is one of the major reasons people seek medical care, and it’s linked to a number of other conditions, such as opioid dependence and depression. 

Although stem cells can be effective in treating conditions that are associated with chronic pain, recent studies have demonstrated that tiny particles called exosomes can provide an even better option for long-term pain relief, and they can treat a number of other conditions.  

At ReGen Pain NJ in Clifton, New Jersey, Dr. Todd Koppel is always on the lookout for new, modern regenerative solutions like exosome therapy. 

Dr. Koppel is a board-certified pain management specialist with extensive experience in finding state-of-the-art nonsurgical treatments for chronic pain. He uses exosome therapy to treat numerous areas of the body where people often experience joint pain, such as the knees, shoulders, neck, and back. 

These are common areas of injury, particularly for sports enthusiasts, and of course, many people experience age-related pain in these spots as well. 

So, what are exosomes? 

Exosomes are tiny particles produced by almost all cell types as a means of communication between cells. They act as messengers that carry genetic information to the target cell, which is then activated to begin the healing process. 

What kinds of conditions can exosomes treat?

A number of studies have examined the therapeutic value of exosomes, and the results are impressive — exosome stimulation of wound healing, fracture repair, growth factors (including nerve growth factor), and more. They have even been used in the treatment of cancer. 

Exosomes have also been shown to be effective in treating joint pain and slowing the progression of osteoarthritis, whether it’s due to age or an injury. 

Research has demonstrated that aside from reducing joint inflammation, exosomes protect against the degradation of the joint surface and spark the formation of cartilage. This results in extensive repair of the damaged cartilage that can cause significant joint pain. 

What are the benefits of exosome therapy?

One of the benefits of exosome therapy is that it does not require the painful procedure of collecting bone marrow, and exosomes are more readily available than stem cells over the course of your life.

They are small in size and are less likely to provoke an immune system response (i.e., rejection) than many other tissues. They can also easily cross cell barriers in order to jump-start the healing process and induce tissue regeneration. 

Exosomes used for therapeutic purposes are typically harvested from what are called mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). They have similar biological functions as stem cells, but they lack some of the drawbacks. For example, stem cells often don’t survive very long after injection, but this is not a problem with exosomes. 

How does exosome therapy work?

During exosome therapy, Dr. Koppel first injects exosomes into the area where you are experiencing pain. You feel the results very quickly as the exosomes work to reduce pain and swelling. 

Quite simply, exosome therapy offers a safer, simpler, and more easily controlled solution to problems involving chronic pain than the direct implantation of stem cells.

Is exosome therapy right for you?

Dr. Koppel believes in using a comprehensive approach to treat your pain in order to deliver the best results for your situation. 

That can include such innovative therapies as the use of exosomes, which might offer a better solution than even stem cell implantation for many conditions. 

To find out if this type of therapy might be right for you, contact our office or request an appointment online to set up a no-obligation consultation.

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